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BIO 302: Ecology Format

Spring 2017.

EndNote

Use EndNote to organize references, images and PDFs and create bibliographies in virtually any citation style required by leading journals.
Available for both Macintosh and Windows users.

EndNote download for UK faculty, staff & students

EndNote Help

EndNote Technical Support

Contact one of our EndNote Experts for more information:

Frank Davis  fldavi2@email.uky.edu
Valerie Perry  vperry@uky.edu
Jan Carver (EndNote Web)  jbcarv1@email.uky.edu

In-text Citations

Follow the format of the journal Ecology - if in doubt, view some examples in the journal!

1 author (Smith 1975)

2 authors (Jones and Smith 1975)

>2 authors (Brown et al. 1977)

If there are multiple authors that address one idea, divide each reference by a semicolon and list chronologically, then alphabetically:
(Jones and Smith 1975; Smith 1975; Brown et al. 1977)

Citing Your Lab Reports

Below is the citation format you will use to create your bibliographies.  It follows the format of the journal, Ecology.

Journal Articles

Format

Example

One author

Last name, First initial. Second initial. Year. Article title. Journal title volume number: pages.


Abrams, P. A.  1987.  The functional responses of adaptive consumers of two resources.  Theoretical Population Biology 32:262-288.

Two or more authors


Last name, First initial. Second initial., First initial. Second initial. Last name, and First initial. Second initial. Last name. Date. Title. 
Journal title volume number: pages.

Hjalten, J., K. Danell, and P. Lundberg.  1993.  Herbivore avoidance by association: vole and hare utilization of woody plants.  Oikos 68:125-131.

Book chapter


Last name, First initial. Second initial., First initial. Second initial. Last name, and First initial. Second initial. Last name. Year. 
Chapter title. Pages XXX-XXX in First initial. Second initial. Last name and First initial. Second initial. Last name. Book title. 
Publisher name, City of publication, State of publication, Country of publication.

Abrams, P. A., B. A. Menge, and G. G. Mittelbach.  1995.  The role of indirect effects in food webs.  Pages 371-395 in G. Polis and K. O. Winemiller, editors.  Food webs: integration of patterns and dynamics.  Chapman and Hall, New York, New York, USA.

Entire Book


Last name, First initial. Second initial., First initial. Second Initial. Last name, and First initial. Second initial. Last name. Year. Book title. Publisher name, City of publication, State of publication, Country of publication.

Drake, J. A., F. DiCastri, and R. H. Groves.  1989.  Biological invasions: a global perspective.  Wiley, New York, New York, USA.

Government Document

Last name, First initial. Second initial., First initial. Second initial. Last name, and First initial. Last name.  Document title. Report number. Government agency, Agency division, City of publication, State of publication, Country of publication.


Maschinski, J., H. D. Hammond, and L. Holter, editors.  Southwestern rare and endangered plants: proceedings of the second conference.  General Technical Report RM-GTR-283.  U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.