Fake "News" is actually lies or deliberate mis-information and is now being used as a weapon against democracy. Using salacious headlines, talk radio, television, bots in social media outlets, information is being weaponized to instill distrust and disrupt governments.
Excellent discussion about targeting and weaponizing fake news and Russia.
Editor-in-chief of The Interpreter, Michael Weiss, and journalist Peter Pomerantsev presented their report titled “The Menace of Unreality: How the Kremlin Weaponizes Information, Culture, and Money” at the National Endowment for Democracy’s headquarters in Washington, D.C. on November 13, 2014, in collaboration with the Institute of Modern Russia. Hannah Thoburn of the Foreign Policy Initiative provided comments, and David Kramer, President of Freedom House, moderated the discussion.
Indictments of Russian Interference With U.S. Election and Political Processes (2016)
Yale University's Center for Global Legal Challenges, and the Information Society Project, co-hosted the “Weaponizing Information” conference on January 24, 2017. The conference examined how online propaganda, fake news, and dis-information campaigns are reshaping the legal and political calculus, as well as the relationship between international law, military strategy, and cyber conflict.