Below are some of the most common citations you will use when writing research papers.
- Format: Last Name, First Name. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date. Medium.
- Example: Evans, J. Warren. Horses. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company, 2001. Print.
- Format: Last name, First name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication.
- Example: Hewitt, Godfrey M. "A Climate for Colonization." Heredity. 92.1 (2004): 1-2. Print.
Journals with more than three authors:
- Format: Last Name, First Name, et al. "Title of Article." Title of Journal. Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium
- Example: Cervantes, I., et al. “Size and Shape Analysis of Morphofunctional Traits in the Spanish Arab Horse.” Livestock Science. 125.1 (2009): 43-49. Electronic.
- Format: Last name, First name. “Title of Article.” Title of Journal. Vol.Issue (Date): pages. Database Name. Medium for Publication. Date Accessed.
- Example: Demirbas, A. “Bioalcohols as Alternatives to Gasoline.” Energy Sources Part A: Recovery, Utilization, & Environmental Effects. 31.12 (November, 2009): 1056-1062. Academic Search Complete. Web. 31 Aug. 2010.
- Format: Last name, First name. "Title of Article." Name of Paper Date: Page number. Medium of Publication.
- Example: Brubaker, Bill. "New Health Center Targets County's Uninsured Patients." Washington Post 24 May 2007: LZ01. Print.
Remember to use n.p. if no publisher name is available and n.d. if no publishing date is given.
- Format: Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available). Medium of publication. Date of access. <URL>
- Example: Doughney, Michael. People Eating Tasty Animals. 1996. Web. 2 Sept. 2009. <http://mtd.com/tasty/.>
**URLs are not required in MLA, but it is recommended to put brackets ( "< >") around the URL after the date accessed.