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CLD 300: Citations

Foundational theories in community and leadership development. Fall 2017.

Examples of APA Citations

Below are some of the most common citations you will use when writing research papers.

Books

  • Format: Last name, First initial. (Date). Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher. 
  • Example: Evans, J. W. (2001). Horses. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company.

Journals (Use this format up to Six Authors)

  • Format: Last name, First initial. (Date). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume #, pages.
  • Example: Hewitt, G. M. (2004). A climate for colonization. Heredity. 92, 1-2.

Journals with more than Six Authors

  • Format: Last name, First initial., Last name, First initial., Last name, First initial., Last name, First initial., Last name, First initial., Last name, First initial., et al. (Date). Title of article. Title of Journal, vol, pages.
  • Example: Black, C. P., Arlo, S. T., Rechit, R., Machlen, J. P., Sempson, K., Bee, A.L., et al. (1999). Citing seven or more authors in APA format. Journal of APA Style and Format, 17, 45-75.

Journals (Electronic)

  • Format: Last name, First initial. (Date). Title of article. Title of Journal, vol(issue), pages. Retrived insert date, database name, or DOI.
  • Example 1: Demirbas, A. (2009, November). Bioalcohols as alternatives to gasoline. Energy Sources Part A: Recovery, Utilization & Environmental Effects, 31(12), 1056-1062. Retrieved August 31, 2010, DOI: 10.1080/15567030801909748.
  • Example 2: Demirbas, A. (2009, November). Bioalcohols as Alternatives to Gasoline. Energy Sources Part A: Recovery, Utilization & Environmental Effects, 31(12), 1056-1062. Retrieved August 31, 2010, Academic Search Complete database.

Newspapers

  • Format: Last name, First initial. (Date),. Title of article. Name of Paper, p (or if mulitple pages use pp). page numbers.
  • Examples: Shultz, S. (2005, December 28). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. The Country Today, pp. 1A, 2A.

Newspapers (Electronic)

Websites

  • FormatAuthor and/or Group Responsible (if available). Page title. Title of Site. (Date of Last Site Update). Date of Access, address of site.
  • Example: Doughney, M. (1996). People eating tasty animals. MTD. 2 Sept. 2009. <http://mtd.com/tasty/>.

Examples of MLA Citations

Below are some of the most common citations you will use when writing research papers.

Books

  • Format: Last Name, First Name. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date. Medium.
  • Example: Evans, J. Warren. Horses. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company, 2001. Print.

Journals (Print)

  • Format: Last name, First name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication.
  • Example: Hewitt, Godfrey M. "A Climate for Colonization." Heredity. 92.1 (2004): 1-2. Print.

Journals with more than three authors:

  • Format: Last Name, First Name, et al. "Title of Article." Title of Journal. Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium
  • Example: Cervantes, I., et al. “Size and Shape Analysis of Morphofunctional Traits in the Spanish Arab Horse.” Livestock Science. 125.1 (2009): 43-49. Electronic.

Journals (Electronic)

  • Format: Last name, First name. “Title of Article.” Title of Journal. Vol.Issue (Date): pages. Database Name. Medium for Publication. Date Accessed.
  • Example: Demirbas, A. “Bioalcohols as Alternatives to Gasoline.” Energy Sources Part A: Recovery, Utilization, & Environmental Effects. 31.12 (November, 2009): 1056-1062. Academic Search Complete. Web. 31 Aug. 2010.

Newspapers

  • Format: Last name, First name. "Title of Article." Name of Paper Date: Page number. Medium of Publication.
  • Example: Brubaker, Bill. "New Health Center Targets County's Uninsured Patients." Washington Post 24 May 2007: LZ01. Print.

Newspapers (Electronic)

Websites

Remember to use n.p. if no publisher name is available and n.d. if no publishing date is given.

  • Format: Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available). Medium of publication. Date of access. <URL>
  • Example: Doughney, Michael. People Eating Tasty Animals. 1996. Web. 2 Sept. 2009. <http://mtd.com/tasty/.>

**URLs are not required in MLA, but it is recommended to put brackets ( "< >") around the URL after the date accessed.

APA

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition

MLA Online Manual

Plagiarism