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Retailing & Tourism Management: Databases

Search Tip - Truncation


Truncation is usually represented by an asterisk (*). To use truncation, enter the root of a search term and replace the ending with an *. EBSCOhost finds all forms of that word.

For example, type comput* to find the words computer or computing.

Note: The Truncation symbol (*) may also be used between words to match any word.

For example, a midsummer * dream will return results that contain the exact phrase, a midsummer night’s dream.

Search Tip - AND, OR, NOT

The important thing about Boolean operators is how they are interpreted by the search software.

AND combines terms-all specified terms must be present for the article/citation to be retrieved. This operator narrows a search.  Example:   dogs AND cats

OR creates sets of similar terms (or synonyms). This operator broadens a search.
Example:  colleges OR universities OR "higher education"

NOT eliminates a term from the search. (Use with caution.) Example:   animals  NOT  horses

More Search Tips

These tips will work with most search engines in their basic search option.
Use the plus (+) and minus (-) signs in front of words to force their inclusion and/or exclusion in searches.
EXAMPLE:   +meat  -potatoes (NO space between the sign and the keyword)
Use double quotation marks (" ") around phrases to ensure they are searched exactly as is, with the words side by side in the same order.
EXAMPLE:   "bye bye miss american pie" (Do NOT put quotation marks around a single word.)
Put your most important keywords first in the stringEXAMPLE:   dog breed family pet choose
Type keywords and phrases in lower case to find both lower and upper case versions. Typing capital letters will usually return only an exact match
EXAMPLE:   president retrieves both president and President

How to Get Full-Text

When searching for journal articles, you will notice the View Now button on many of your search results. Clicking on the View Now button will lead you to links for the full-text of the article or let you know that we do not have electronic full-text for that article.

If the full-text is not available, you can search InfoKat Discovery for a hardcopy of the article or request an interlibrary loan (ILL), if needed.

Frequently Asked Questions about View Now

Having trouble? Ask Us for help.

Academic Journals

Academic journals are also known as scholarly, refereed, or peer-reviewed journals.  The following characteristics may be used to identify academic journals.

"Journal," "Transactions," "Proceedings," or "Quarterly" often appear in the title.
Generally speaking the covers of academic journals are not glossy or eye catching.
Academic journals do not contain many ads and what ads there are pertain to the subject of the journal.
Academic journals are published by professional organizations, universities, research institutes, and scholarly presses.

Academic journal issues are usually published on a monthly, bimonthly, quarterly or less frequent basis.
Academic journals are generally available by subscription only therefore many people rely on libraries for access to academic journals.
Academic journals are edited by subject experts.