The project works to develop collaborations at local and state levels focused on creating healthy resources and health programming inclusive of individuals with disabilities.
National Center on Health, Physical Activity and Disability (NCHPAD)
Community Health Inclusion Index (CHII)
The CHII is a set of survey tools used to evaluate the extent to which healthy living resources are made available to all members of the community, including those with disabilities. The two key areas defined to aid in the promotion of healthy living are physical activity and eating healthy. This was designed due to the clear disparities present in these two categories for those with and without disabilities (see diagram for building CHII). CHII uses commonly accepted framework for community assessment in; schools, work sites, healthcare sites, community organizations and the community at large. Information gathered from the CHII helps to bridge gaps facing communities with regard to inclusion.
Kentucky ranks 43rd, 46th and 45th in mortality rate due to heart disease, percent of adult population with high blood pressure and physical activity, respectfully
Challenges facing Kentucky include:
Lower median income
Highly rural population (24% vs. 6.3%)
Less health resources (hospitals, primary care offices, etc.)
Poverty has consistently been related to increased risk for poor health outcomes
People living with disabilities are at an elevated risk for nutritional based issues (Humphries et al., 2009). These issues stem from under or over eating, a deficit in nutritional education and negative medication related side effects. These nutritional deficiencies may be associated to the heightened risk for chronic cardiac, neurological, bone, vision, and hyposmia diseases later in life (Van Riper, 2010). As mentioned in the physical activity section, people with disabilities commonly participate in less exercise than those without disabilities. Modest weight loss through dietary alterations to control glucose levels have shown that even a small weight loss can lead to significantly safer blood pressure levels and ability to control glucose (Bazzano et al., 2009). This was seen in weight losses as small as 5% of body weight. Also, as seen with lower levels of physical activity, poor nutritional practices can lead to increased levels of obesity, which are associated to elevated medical costs (Rimmer & Yamaki, 2006).
SuperTracker is an online program sponsored by the United State Department of Agriculture for your food, fitness and health. Here you will be able to:
Click on the image to get started today!