Researchers have gradually become concerned about the appropriateness of journal-level metrics for research assessment. After meeting in Dec. 2012, a group of journal publishers and editors have released the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA) to highlight the need to improve how research impact is evaluated. In sum, they point out:
They have put forward a list of recommendations for research institutions, professional societies, and funding agencies. Thousands of individuals in different academic communities around the world have signed DORA.
The Public Library of Science summarizes how article-level metrics (ALMs) are valuable to different stakeholders in the scholarly communication lifecycle:
These are some of the discussions about the shortcomings of journal-level metrics:
Researchers increasingly recognize the significance of assessing research at the article level with both traditional and novel data points. The SPARC Primer on article-level metrics (ALMs) notes that ALMs:
However, just like other metrics, ALMs can be gamed and cannot evaluate the quality and intent of the comments on an article.
This video provides an overview of ALMs: