Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
Why tend to the details? You want your readers to easily find your cited sources. Clearly identify your sources so they have no trouble locating your sources.
Note! For examples of spacing your lines and making your margins, etc., see Chapter 2 (manuscript structure) and rule 8.03 "Preparing the Manuscript."
The quick help here focuses on a few of the rules listed in:
Chapter 7: reference examples
Chapter 6: crediting sources
Copies of the style guide in Education Library
Here are examples of in-text citations. You will give the details of what you cite at the end of your paper in your Reference List.
Some of the rules to follow:
6.03 quotes in your text
6.05 quotes from Internet pages
6.11 work by one author; 6.12 work by multiple authors
6.14 authors with same surnames
6.15 works with no author identified
6.17 secondary sources (when you didn't have the original source but you're citing somebody who cited it)
Table 6.1 clearly shows these examples.
Text text text (Thomas, 1972) text. Bell (1973) text text text. Text text text text Summers et al. (1968) text text text "text text text" (p. 44). Text text "text text" (Freierson & Kimsey, 1970, p. 44). Text text text text (as cited in Warmath, 1971).
Here are examples for a References list. The main components of your citation are author, title of article or chapter or book, pages, year. If necessary you might need the title of the journal or the edited book, as well as volume and issue number. Make careful notes, so that you have all the components you need for your references list. Most times you can get your database or EndNote to handle all of these data; you can e-mail or save the citations.
Some of the rules to follow:
7.01 journal articles
7.02 books and book chapters
7.11 blog posts, e-mail messages, etc.
6.25 alphabetizing your list
6.27 author information
6.29 title information
6.30 publication information (journal volume, book publisher, etc.)
6.31-32 electronic sources (featuring the fascinating DOI)
Looking for a DOI? Search in Web of Science or PsycINFO or ProQuest Education Journals for a record describing your article; you might find the DOI in that record. (If you're following the APA style and get a hot-linked DOI you'll need to strip the URL aspects of the DOI and enter in your EndNote reference record just the plain-text version of the DOI number.)
journal article with DOI (based on example 1 in style guide)
Barab, S., Thomas, M., Dodge, T., Carteaux, R., & Tuzun, H. (2005). Making learning fun: Quest Atlantis, a game without guns. Etr&D-Educational Technology Research and Development, 53(1), 86-107. doi:10.1007/BF02504859
journal article without DOI (based on example 3 in style guide; article is from library database)
Verbeke, E., & Dittrick-Nathan, K. (2007). Student gambling. Principal Leadership (High School Ed.), 8(2), 12-15. Retrieved from Education Full Text database.
newspaper article (based on example 10 in style guide; article is from library database)
Yusuf, H. (2008, September 30). Video games start to shape classroom curriculum. The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved from LexisNexis database.
book (based on example 18 in style guide)
Hutchison, D. (2007). Playing to learn: Video games in the classroom. Westport, Conn: Teacher Ideas Press.
book chapter (based on example 25 in style guide; this is an edited book)
Rhodes, J., & Robnolt, V. (2009). Digital literacies in the classroom. In L. Christenbury, R. Bomer, & P. Smagorinsky (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent literacy research (pp. 153-169). New York, NY: Guilford Publications.
online newsletter article (based on example 9 in style guide; this article has an author)
Kleefeld, E. Gaming technologies alter classroom, textbook models. (2005, June 27). WTN News. Retrieved from http://wistechnology.com/articles/1954/
Cite an entire website: info from APA
Cite a tweet or a Facebook post: info from APA blog