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Film Studies: Citing DVDs and Film

A guide with resources pertaining to film studies.

MLA Formating for DVD and Film

Who to Credit - DVD or Film

Many people can be involved in the production of a video and not all need to be listed in the citation. To clarify what role the person has in the production, precede each name (or each group of names, if more than one person performed the same function) with a description of the role. Common contributor roles that can be included in the citation include

  • directed by
  • performance by
  • created by 
  • narrated by
  • edited by

Who to Credit - Streaming Video from a Website

For videos from websites such as YouTube or Vimeo, credit the person who posted the content. If a real name is provided, use it. If the real name of the person who posted the content is not known, use their user name.

Time stamps in audio and video recordings

As there are no page numbers in audio and video recordings, include a timestamp instead. Time stamps are given in the following format: 

(Author's Last Name hours:min:seconds-hours:min:seconds) 

If you are citing something that is less than an hour long, you can start minutes. 

Examples: 

(Smith 01:15-02:20)

(Jones 01:20:15-01:22:22) 

Formatting:
For your Works Cited list, all citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent.

A "hanging indent" means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches

For more information, see the MLA Website
Or come to the library and consult with the print edition of the 8th Edition of the MLA Handbook.

Streaming Video from a Website (Youtube, Vimeo, etc.)

Last Name, First Name of video creator or Username of Creator. "Title of Video." Title of the Hosting Website, uploaded by Username, Day Month       Year of Publication, URL of video. Accessed Day Month Year video was viewed.

Example Works Cited Page:  
Sethi, Ramit. "How to Write a Winning Resume, With Ramit Sethi." YouTube, 15 June 2015, www.youtube.com/watch?v=_0fjkKCsM1w. Accessed 23 June 2021.

Example In-Text Citations:
If video creator is known:

(Last Name of Video Creator Start Time of Revelant Section-End Time of Section)

(Sethi 00:03:30-00:04:16)

If video creator is unknown:

("Words from Title" Start Time of Revelant Section-End Time of Section)

("Secrets of Drawing" 02:40-03:25)

Note: Cite the relevant hour, minute and seconds as displayed in your media player.

Streaming Video from a Video Service (Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Prime, etc.)

Title of Movie. Contributor(s). Publisher/Production Company, Year of Release. Name of Streaming Service.

Note: Typically films, television episodes, and other performances have many contributors. After the title, list the contributors most relevant to your project. Most common contributors listed include directors, creators, and performers.  

Example Works Cited Page:
The Irishman. Directed by Martin Scorsese, screenplay by Steven Zaillian and Charles Brandt, Tribeca Productions, 2019. Netflix.

Example In-Text Citations:
(Title of Movie Start Time of Relevant Section-End Time of Section)

(The Irishman 1:25:15-01:40:05)

 Note: The title of the film is in italics in the in-text citation because that is how it appears in the Works Cited List Example.

 Note: Cite the relevant hour, minute and seconds as displayed in your media player.

Streaming Video from a Library Database (Kanopy, Swank, Films on Demand, etc.)

Title of Video. Contributor(s), Publisher/Production Company, Date. Title of Library Database.

Note: Typically films, television episodes, and other performances have many contributors. After the title, list the contributors most relevant to your project. Most common contributors listed include directors, creators, and performers.  

Example Works Cited Page:
Cabinet of Dr. Caligari. Directed by Robert Weine, Kino Lorber, 1919. Kanopy.

Example In-Text Citations:
(Words From Title Start Time of Relevant Section-End Time of Section)

(Dr. Caligari 02:05:01-02:06:12)

Note: The title of the film is in italics in the in-text citation because that is how it appears in the Works Cited List.

Note: Cite the relevant hour, minute and seconds as displayed in your media player.

Television Series Epidsode

"Title of Episode." Title of TV Series, Contributors Name(s), season, episode,  Production Company, Year of Release. 

Note: Typically films, television episodes, and other performances have many contributors. After the title, list the contributors most relevant to your project. Most common contributors listed include directors, creators, and performers.  

Note: Seasons of a television series are usually numbered in sequence, as are the episodes. Both numbers should be included in the works cited list if available.

Example Works Cited Page:
"That's My Boy??" The Dick Van Dyke Show, created by Carl Reiner, performance by Dick Van Dyke, season 3, episode 1, Calvada Productions, 1963. 

Example In-Text Citations:
("Title of Episode" Start Time of Relevant Section-End Time of Section)

("That's My Boy??" 14:56-15:33)

Note: The title of the episode is in quotation marks in the in-text citation because that is how it appears in the Works Cited List Example.

Note: Cite the relevant hour, minute and seconds as displayed in your media player.

DVD or Film

Title of Movie. Contributor(s). Publisher/Production Company, Year of Release. 

Note: Typically films, television episodes, and other performances have many contributors. After the title, list the contributors most relevant to your project. Most common contributors listed include directors, creators, and performers. 

Example Works Cited Page: 
Kill Bill, Volume 1. Directed by Quentin Tarantino, performances by Uma Thurman, Lucy Liu, Michael Madson, Daryl Hannah, and David Carradine. Miramax, 2003. 

Example In-Text Citation:
(Title of Movie Start Time of Relevant Section-End Time of Section)

(Kill Bill, Volume 1 01:15:15-01:20:03)

 Note: The title of the film is in italics in the in-text citation because that is how it appears in the Works Cited List Example.

 Note: Cite the relevant hour, minute and seconds as displayed in your media player.

 

Televison Series Episode from a Streaming Video Service (Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Prime, etc.)

"Title of Episode." Title of TV Series, Contributors Name(s), season, episode,  Production Company, Year of Release, Name of Streaming Service

Note: Typically films, television episodes, and other performances have many contributors. After the title, list the contributors most relevant to your project. Most common contributors listed include directors, creators, and performers.  

Note: Seasons of a television series are usually numbered in sequence, as are the episodes. Both numbers should be included in the works cited list if available.

Example Works Cited Page:
"End Game." The Queen's Gambit, created by Scott Frank, performance by Anna Taylor-Joy, season 1, episode 7, Flitcraft/Wonderful Films, 2020. Netflix.

Example In-Text Citations:
("Title of Episode" Start Time of Relevant Section-End Time of Section)

("End Game" 05:34-05:56)

Note: The title of the episode is in quotation marks in the in-text citation because that is how it appears in the Works Cited List Example.

 Note: Cite the relevant hour, minute and seconds as displayed in your media player.