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Ripped From the Headlines: History
A guide to understanding the wider context behind stories in the news.
Numerous laws have been passed by European countries to restrict the flow of migrants. In addition, several European countries have passed laws which seek to limit multiculturalism and encourage assimilation among immigrant populations. An example of this would be the French headscarf ban enacted in 2011 or the Dutch Law of Integration from 2007, which requires immigrants from non-EU countries to pass an exam in the Dutch language or be forced to leave.
Many countries in Europe are facing labor shortages. In the past, migrant workers have filled the gaps. This was the case in the early 1960s, when Germany began inviting Turks to emigrate and become "Gastarbeiter" ("guest worker"). Stricter immigration regulations could make it difficult to fill jobs in these countries.
A Continent Moving West? argues that the conceptualization of migration as a one-way or long-term process is becoming increasingly wide of the mark. Rather, east-west labor migration in Europe, in common perhaps with other flows in and from other parts of the world, is diverse, fluid, and influenced by the dynamics of local and sector-specific labor markets and migration-related political regulations.
Asylum is a concept in which refugees who have been endangered in their native country can enter a new nation and receive protection. Many refugees from the Syrian Civll War, as well as other middle eastern conflicts, have recently poured into Europe. The overwhelming numbers have put a strain on the EU asylum system causing many to attempt to enter illegally.
This volume is about the transformation of asylum in Europe in the context of the EU enlargement process. This transformation involves norms, as well as the procedures and resources for their implementation.
The studies in this work attempt to show that racism in the UK and throughout Europe is so pervasive that there is a continual need to face the danger of educational and cultural services operating for purposes of exclusion and with a hidden agenda of national of cultural purity.
Racist Violence and the State is the first serious study to apply a comparative research-based approach to the study of racist violence in Britain, France and The Netherlands since 1945. Setting racist violence within a historical background of the post-imperialist legacy, the author presents an accessible, fascinating and highly original analysis of the development of public and state attitudes to racist violence over the past 50 years.
There have been Muslims in Europe ever since Islam was formed. The numbers significantly increased in the 8th century, when Berbers from North Africa entered Europe at Gilbralter. They conquered much of Spain and ruled until they were expelled in the 15th century. It was also in the 15th century that the Mongols moved across central Asia into Russian and the Ottoman Empire extended into the Balkan states in Southeastern Europe.
Beginning in the 1950s and 60s, large numbers of Muslim immigrants came to European countries, especially France, Germany, and the United Kingdom, to fill the need for workers. In Germany and other Northern European countries, immigrants tended to be from Turkey, while in France many came from North Africa. Indians and Pakistanis (as well as non-muslims from the Carribean) made up to bulk of immigrants to the UK.
Europe's Angry Muslims traces the routes, expectations and destinies of immigrant parents and the plight of their children, transporting both the general reader and specialist from immigrants' ancestral villages to their new enclaves in Europe.