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Animal Welfare: Home

The 3Rs

REDUCTION: minimize how many animals are used.

REFINEMENT: use techniques and procedures that minimize pain and distress.

REPLACEMENT: substitute animal models with non-animal techniques or lower organisms.

Adapted from: Russel, WMS and RL Burch (1959). The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique. Universities Federation of Animal Welfare: England, 238 p.

For further information, please consult:

Need Help?

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact any of the following:

Valerie Perry
Head, Agricultural Information Center
Phone: (859) 257-2758

Rick Brewer
Director, Medical Center Research & Education
Phone: (859) 323-5296

Susan Foster Harper

Medical Center Reference Commons
Phone: (859) 257-0752

Mark Ingram
Medical Center Reference Commons
Phone: (859) 323-6568


Welcome to the Animal Welfare Research Guide. Our goal is to help with literature searches for IACUC protocols.

 Here are some links to relevant organizations to get started: 

  • IACUC: Committee developed to help ensure that researchers and the university are meeting the requirements of the Animal Welfare Act.
  • eSirius3G: UK's online IACUC protocol management and animal ordering system.
  • AWIC: Animal Welfare Information Center.
  • OLAW: Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare website.

Popular Databases

These databases are among the most frequently used in literature searches involving animal research. Click on the Databases tab at the top of the page for a more complete list of databases with descriptions.

Agriculture Liaison

Jason Keinsley's picture
Jason Keinsley
CAFE Liaison Librarian
N24C Agricultural Sciences Center North
859 218-1523