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Animal Welfare   Tags: animal science, animal welfare, research animals  

Last Updated: Feb 19, 2015 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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The 3Rs

REDUCTION: minimize how many animals are used.

REFINEMENT: use techniques and procedures that minimize pain and distress.

REPLACEMENT: substitute animal models with non-animal techniques or lower organisms.

Adapted from: Russel, WMS and RL Burch (1959). The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique. Universities Federation of Animal Welfare: England, 238 p.

For further information, please consult:


Need Help?

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact any of the following:

Valerie Perry
Head, Agricultural Information Center
Phone: (859) 257-2758

Rick Brewer
Assistant Director, Medical Center Research & Education
Phone: (859) 323-5296

Frank Davis
Head, Medical Center Reference Commons
Phone: (859) 323-3983

Gracie Hale
Equine Librarian, John A. Morris Library
Phone: (859) 218-1147

Mark Ingram
Medical Center Reference Commons
Phone: (859) 323-6568



Welcome to the Animal Welfare Research Guide. Our goal is to help with literature searches for IACUC protocols.

 Here are some links to relevant organizations to get started: 

  • ORI-IACUC: Committee developed to help ensure that researchers and the university are meeting the requirements of the Animal Welfare Act.
  • eSirius: UK's online IACUC protocol management and animal ordering system.
  • AWIC: Animal Welfare Information Center.
  • OLAW: Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare website.

Popular Databases

These databases are among the most frequently used in literature searches involving animal research. Click on the Databases tab at the top of the page for a more complete list of databases with descriptions.



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Director of Branch Libraries, Agriculture Liaison, Biology Liaison

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Valerie Perry
Contact Info
Agricultural Information Center
N-24 Agricultural Science Center North
Campus 0091
(859) 257-2758
(859) 323-4719 (fax)

Subject Specialties: life sciences, agriculture, biology, IACUC, animal welfare/alternatives
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