Siddhartha Gautama, often known simply as "The Buddha" (c. 5th century BC), was a spiritual teacher and is now the primary figure in Buddhism. There is little certainty about his life or works, as most of his supposed teachers were passed down orally for several hundred years before they were written down. Most historians agree Gautama was a dedicated ascetic, renouncing worldly pleasures and leading a simple and nomadic life. His teachings inspired others to do the same to give up the suffering inherent in worldly goods.
There are no surviving works directly attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, but several Buddhist reference sources include some of his ideas.